Article 14 of the Constitution of India. Equality before law.

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Article 14 of the Constitution of India. Equality before law.

Article 14 of the Constitution of India. Equality before law.

Read the explanation and compilation of Article 14 of the Constitution of India. Equality before law.

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NCERT Summary (Class VI – XII) One Liner for UPSC/IAS Preparation

NCERT Summary (Class VI to XII) One Liner for UPSC/IAS Preparation

The State shall not deny to any person equality before the law or the equal protection of the laws within the territory of India.



Explanation of Article 14 of the Constitution of India. Equality before law.

Article 14 of the Constitution of India guarantees equality before the law and equal protection of the laws to all persons within the territory of India. This fundamental right is a cornerstone of the Indian legal system and ensures that every individual, regardless of their social, economic, or political background, is treated equally by the law.

Key aspects of Article 14:

  1. Equality before the law: This means that all individuals are subject to the same laws and that no one is above the law. The State cannot discriminate against any person on the basis of their race, religion, caste, sex, or place of birth.
  2. Equal protection of the laws: This ensures that all individuals are afforded the same protection under the law. The State must apply the laws equally and cannot discriminate in providing legal protection to its citizens. However, Article 14 also allows for reasonable classification, which means that the State can make laws that differentiate between groups of people, provided that the classification is based on intelligible differentia and has a rational nexus with the objective sought to be achieved. This allows the State to create special provisions for disadvantaged or marginalized groups, such as women, children, and socially or economically backward classes, to ensure their upliftment and equal status in society. The Supreme Court of India has interpreted Article 14 in various judgments and has held that it prohibits arbitrary discrimination but allows for reasonable classification. The court has also expanded the scope of Article 14 to include the concept of substantive equality, which goes beyond formal equality and takes into account the social, economic, and historical factors that contribute to inequality.

In summary, Article 14 of the Constitution of India is a fundamental right that guarantees equality before the law and equal protection of the laws to all persons in India, while allowing for reasonable classification to address social, economic, and historical inequalities.

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POLITICAL THEORY NOTES for UPSC/IAS Preparation

POLITICAL THEORY NOTES for UPSC/IAS Preparation