Article 21 of the Constitution of India. Protection of life and personal liberty.

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Article 21 of the Constitution of India. Protection of life and personal liberty.

Article 21 of the Constitution of India. Protection of life and personal liberty.

Read the explanation and compilation of Article 21 of the Constitution of India. Protection of life and personal liberty.

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NCERT Summary (Class VI – XII) One Liner for UPSC/IAS Preparation

NCERT Summary (Class VI to XII) One Liner for UPSC/IAS Preparation

No person shall be deprived of his life or personal liberty except according to procedure established by law.



Explanation of Article 21 of the Constitution of India. Protection of life and personal liberty.

Article 21: Protection of Life and Personal Liberty

Article 21 of the Indian Constitution guarantees the fundamental right to life and personal liberty to every person in India. This right is inviolable and cannot be taken away except in accordance with a procedure established by law.

Scope and Content of Article 21:

Article 21 protects a wide range of rights, including:

Conditions for Deprivation of Life and Liberty:

Article 21 does not provide for an absolute right to life and personal liberty. The government may deprive an individual of these rights in certain situations:

Protection Against Arbitrary Arrest and Detention:

Article 21 also prohibits arbitrary arrest and detention. No person can be arrested or detained without a warrant issued by a competent authority. Additionally, individuals have the right to be informed of the reasons for their arrest and to be produced before a magistrate within 24 hours of arrest.

Significance of Article 21:

Article 21 is one of the most important fundamental rights in the Indian Constitution. It protects the most basic and essential rights of every individual and ensures that they are not arbitrarily taken away by the government. This right serves as a constant reminder of the sanctity of human life and the importance of individual freedom.

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POLITICAL THEORY NOTES for UPSC/IAS Preparation

POLITICAL THEORY NOTES for UPSC/IAS Preparation