Article 23: Prohibition of traffic in human beings and forced labour - Constitution of India

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Article 23: Prohibition of traffic in human beings and forced labour - Constitution of India

Article 23: Prohibition of traffic in human beings and forced labour - Constitution of India

Article 23 was debated in the Constituent Assembly on 3 December 1948. It prohibits human trafficking and other similar forms of forced labour.

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NCERT Summary (Class VI – XII) One Liner for UPSC/IAS Preparation

NCERT Summary (Class VI to XII) One Liner for UPSC/IAS Preparation

(1) Traffic in human beings and begar and other similar forms of forced labour are prohibited and any contravention of this provision shall be an offence punishable in accordance with law.

(2) Nothing in this article shall prevent the State from imposing compulsory service for public purposes, and in imposing such service the State shall not make any discrimination on grounds only of religion, race, caste or class or any of them.


Explanation of Article 23: Prohibition of traffic in human beings and forced labour – Constitution of India

Article 23: Prohibition of traffic in human beings and forced labour

Prohibition of Traffic in Human Beings

Article 23(1) prohibits “traffic in human beings and begar and other similar forms of forced labour which constitute an exploitation of the weaker sections of the people.”

Prohibition of Forced Labour

Article 23(2) states that “any contravention of this provision shall be an offence punishable in accordance with law.”

Significance of Article 23

Article 23 is crucial for protecting human dignity and fundamental rights. It:

Implementation

The government has implemented various measures to enforce Article 23, including:

By upholding the principles of human dignity and equality, Article 23 plays a vital role in protecting the rights of individuals from exploitation and oppression.

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POLITICAL THEORY NOTES for UPSC/IAS Preparation

POLITICAL THEORY NOTES for UPSC/IAS Preparation