Article 243 of the Indian Constitution (Panchayats)

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Article 243 of the Indian Constitution (Panchayats)

Article 243 of the Indian Constitution (Panchayats)

Article 243 of the Indian Constitution is part of Part IX titled The Panchayats

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NCERT Summary (Class VI – XII) One Liner for UPSC/IAS Preparation

NCERT Summary (Class VI to XII) One Liner for UPSC/IAS Preparation

In this Part, unless the context otherwise requires,-

(a) “district” means a district in a State;

(b) “Gram Sabha” means a body consisting of persons registered in the electoral rolls relating to a village comprised within the area of Panchayat at the village level;

© “intermediate level” means a level between the village and district levels specified by the Governor of a State by public notification to be the intermediate level for the purposes of this Part;

(d) “Panchayat” means an institution (by whatever name called) of self-government constituted under article 243B, for the rural areas;

(e) “Panchayat area” means the territorial area of a Panchayat;

(f) “Population” means the population as ascertained at the last preceding census of which the relevant figures have been published;

(g) “village” means a village specified by the Governor by public notification to be a village for the purposes of this Part and includes a group of villages so specified.


Explanation of Article 243

Article 243 of the Indian Constitution is part of Part IX titled “The Panchayats”. This article provides definitions for various terms used in this part of the Constitution, which deals with the provisions for Panchayati Raj (local self-government in rural areas).

Here’s an explanation of the terms defined in Article 243:

  1. “District” means a district in a State, referring to the administrative division of a State.
  2. “Gram Sabha” means a body consisting of persons registered in the electoral rolls relating to a village comprised within the area of a Panchayat at the village level. This refers to the village assembly, which is the primary unit of the Panchayati Raj system.
  3. “Intermediate level” means a level between the village and district levels, which is specified by the Governor of a State by public notification for the purposes of this Part. This refers to the intermediate level of Panchayats, such as the Block Panchayats or Taluka Panchayats.
  4. “Panchayat” means an institution (by whatever name called) of self-government constituted under Article 243B for the rural areas. This refers to the local self-government bodies at the village, intermediate, and district levels.
  5. “Panchayat area” means the territorial area of a Panchayat, referring to the geographic area under the jurisdiction of a particular Panchayat.
  6. “Population” means the population as ascertained at the last preceding census of which the relevant figures have been published. This definition is used for determining the population-based representation and delimitation of Panchayat constituencies.
  7. “Village” means a village specified by the Governor by public notification to be a village for the purposes of this Part and includes a group of villages so specified. This definition allows the Governor to specify the villages that come under the Panchayati Raj system.

These definitions provide clarity on the various terms used in Part IX of the Constitution, which deals with the establishment, composition, powers, and functions of the Panchayati Raj institutions in India.

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POLITICAL THEORY NOTES for UPSC/IAS Preparation

POLITICAL THEORY NOTES for UPSC/IAS Preparation