Article 243C of Constitution of India - Composition of Panchayats

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Article 243C of Constitution of India - Composition of Panchayats

Article 243C of Constitution of India - Composition of Panchayats

Article 243C of the Indian Constitution establishes the composition of Panchayats, which are local self-governing institutions at the village or intermediate level.

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NCERT Summary (Class VI – XII) One Liner for UPSC/IAS Preparation

NCERT Summary (Class VI to XII) One Liner for UPSC/IAS Preparation

Explanation of Article 243C of Constitution of India – Composition of Panchayats

Article 243C of the Indian Constitution establishes the composition of Panchayats, which are local self-governing institutions at the village or intermediate level.

Key Provisions:

  1. Member Composition:
    • Directly Elected Members:
      ***Elected by voters of the geographic area covered by the Panchayat.
    • Indirectly Elected Members:
      • Elected by directly elected members of the Panchayat.
    • Ex-Officio Members:
      ***Designated by the State Legislature. These may include the Chairperson of the Block Committee or other local officials.
  2. Representation of Marginalized Groups:
    • Reservation of Seats:
      ***At least one-third of the seats in every Panchayat are reserved for women.
      ***Not less than one-third of the seats are reserved for Scheduled Castes (SCs) and Scheduled Tribes (STs), where their population exceeds 50%.
  3. President and Vice-President:
    • The Panchayat elects a President and Vice-President from among its directly and indirectly elected members.
  4. Other Members:
    • The State Legislature may provide for the inclusion of additional members in the Panchayat, such as coopted members or members representing specific interests.

Significance:

The composition of Panchayats ensures:

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POLITICAL THEORY NOTES for UPSC/IAS Preparation