Article 25: Freedom of conscience and free profession, practice and propagation of religion - Constitution of India

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Article 25: Freedom of conscience and free profession, practice and propagation of religion - Constitution of India

Article 25: Freedom of conscience and free profession, practice and propagation of religion - Constitution of India

Article 25 gives all persons the right to freely practice, profess and propagate religion, subject to some restrictions.

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NCERT Summary (Class VI – XII) One Liner for UPSC/IAS Preparation

NCERT Summary (Class VI to XII) One Liner for UPSC/IAS Preparation

(1) Subject to public order, morality and health and to the other provisions of this Part, all persons are equally entitled to freedom of conscience and the right freely to profess, practice and propagate religion.

(2) Nothing in this article shall affect the operation of any existing law or prevent the State from making any law—

(a) regulating or restricting any economic, financial, political or other secular activity which may be associated with religious practice;

(b) providing for social welfare and reform or the throwing open of Hindu religious institutions of a public character to all classes and sections of Hindus.

Explanation I.—The wearing and carrying of kirpans shall be deemed to be included in the profession of the Sikh religion.

Explanation II.—In sub-clause (b) of clause (2), the reference to Hindus shall be construed as including a reference to persons professing the Sikh, Jaina or Buddhist religion, and the reference to Hindu religious institutions shall be construed accordingly.


Explanation of Article 25: Freedom of conscience and free profession, practice and propagation of religion – Constitution of India

Thus, under the Constitution religious minorities are protected and free to practice their religion, subject to reasonable restrictions in the interests of public order, health etc. Personal law matters like marriage, divorce etc are exempted from secular laws

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POLITICAL THEORY NOTES for UPSC/IAS Preparation

POLITICAL THEORY NOTES for UPSC/IAS Preparation