Article 29: Protection of interests of minorities - Constitution of India

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Article 29: Protection of interests of minorities - Constitution of India

Article 29: Protection of interests of minorities - Constitution of India

Article 29 was debated in the Constituent Assembly on 7 and 8 December 1948. It aims to secure the cultural and educational rights of minorities.

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(1) Any section of the citizens residing in the territory of India or any part thereof having a distinct language, script or culture of its own shall have the right to conserve the same.

(2) No citizen shall be denied admission into any educational institution maintained by the State or receiving aid out of State funds on grounds only of religion, race, caste, language or any of them.


Explanation of Article 29: Protection of interests of minorities - Constitution of India

Article 29 of the Constitution of India deals with Protection of interests of minorities. It consists of 2 clauses:

Clause 1

Any section of the citizens residing in the territory of India or any part thereof having a distinct language, script or culture of its own shall have the right to conserve the same.

This clause guarantees the right of any section of citizens having a distinct language, script or culture of its own, to conserve it. This means minorities have the fundamental right to preserve and develop their distinct cultural identities. The state cannot prohibit or curtail this right.

Clause 2

No citizen shall be denied admission into any educational institution maintained by the State or receiving aid out of State funds on grounds only of religion, race, caste, language or any of them.

This clause guarantees equality of opportunity in matters of public employment and access to public places. It prohibits discrimination against any citizen in the matter of admission to educational institutions on the sole ground of religion, race, caste, language etc.

The state cannot deny admission to any educational institution under its control or receiving aid from public funds based only on the grounds of religion, race, caste or language of the applicant. This ensures that minorities and other sections of citizens have equal access to educational opportunities without any discrimination.

Significance

Article 29 aims to protect the distinctive culture, script and language of minorities and other sections of population. It guarantees them the fundamental right to conserve their unique identities.

It also ensures equality of status and opportunity for all citizens in the field of education. No student can be denied access to state educational institutions solely on the basis of religion, caste, race, language etc.

This article plays a pivotal role in realizing the Constitutional goals of securing for all citizens justice, liberty, equality and fraternity by safeguarding minority rights and promoting inclusiveness in education. It strengthens the unity and integrity of the nation by protecting diversity.

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