Article 51A: Fundamental duties - Constitution of India

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Article 51A: Fundamental duties - Constitution of India

Article 51A: Fundamental duties - Constitution of India

Article 51A was not a part of the Constitution of India 1950. It prescribes a list of fundamental duties for the citizens of India.

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It shall be the duty of every citizen of India—

(a) to abide by the Constitution and respect its ideals and institutions, the National Flag and the National Anthem;

(b) to cherish and follow the noble ideals which inspired our national struggle for freedom;

© to uphold and protect the sovereignty, unity and integrity of India;

(d) to defend the country and render national service when called upon to do so;

(e) to promote harmony and the spirit of common brotherhood amongst all the people of India transcending religious, linguistic and regional or sectional diversities; to renounce practices derogatory to the dignity of women;

(f) to value and preserve the rich heritage of our composite culture;

(g) to protect and improve the natural environment including forests, lakes, rivers and wild life, and to have compassion for living creatures;

(h) to develop the scientific temper, humanism and the spirit of inquiry and reform;

(i) to safeguard public property and to abjure violence;

(j) to strive towards excellence in all spheres of individual and collective activity so that the nation
constantly rises to higher levels of endeavour and achievement;

(k) who is a parent or guardian to provide opportunities for education to his child or, as the case
may be, ward between the age of six and fourteen years.


Explanation of Article 51A: Fundamental duties – Constitution of India

When India transitioned from a dominion to a sovereign republic with the adoption of the Constitution in 1950, it was recognized that while fundamental rights are essential for individual freedom, citizens also have certain responsibilities towards the nation. To address this, Article 51A was incorporated into the Constitution by the 42nd Amendment in 1976.

Scope and Significance:

Article 51A outlines 11 fundamental duties that every citizen of India is expected to perform. These duties are intended to foster a sense of patriotism, social harmony, and responsible citizenship. They are not legally enforceable but serve as a moral and ethical guide for citizens.

Fundamental Duties:

  1. To abide by the Constitution, respect its ideals and institutions, the National Flag and the National Anthem.
  2. To cherish and follow the noble ideals which inspired our national struggle for freedom.
  3. To uphold and protect the sovereignty, unity, and integrity of India.
  4. To defend the country and render national service when called upon to do so.
  5. To promote harmony and the spirit of common brotherhood amongst all the people of India, transcending religious, linguistic, regional, or sectional diversities.
  6. To renounce practices derogatory to the dignity of women.
  7. To protect and improve the natural environment including forests, lakes, rivers, and wildlife, and to have compassion for living creatures.
  8. To develop the scientific temper, humanism, and the spirit of inquiry and reform.
  9. To safeguard public property and to abjure violence.
  10. To strive towards excellence in all spheres of individual and collective activity so that the nation constantly rises to higher levels of endeavor and achievement.
  11. To provide opportunities for education by promoting compulsory education for all children until they complete the age of fourteen years.

Objective:

The objective of Article 51A is to instill a sense of responsibility and duty in citizens, balancing the rights guaranteed by the Constitution. It seeks to create a society based on values such as patriotism, unity, social harmony, environmental protection, scientific advancement, and the pursuit of excellence.

Importance:

The fundamental duties outlined in Article 51A are considered essential for the progress and prosperity of India. They encourage citizens to actively participate in nation-building, promote social cohesion, protect the environment, and contribute to the overall well-being of society. By fulfilling these duties, citizens can strengthen the foundations of democracy and ensure a better future for the nation.

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